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2021考研英语阅读:词汇题解题技巧

来源:中公考研 | 更新时间:2020-09-24 11:22:28

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在考研英语阅读理解题中,词义句义题可以说是同学们的“老大难”了。面对这种题,大家是否有种手足无措的感觉:本身就看不懂单词的意思,又无从下手。今天又中公课堂为大家献上一条锦囊妙计,揭示词义句意题的“庐山真面目”。让我们以2014年英语一的text one为例,巧用句子逻辑,破解词义句意题。

首先,我们来展示一下2014年这道词义句意题,以及它对应的解题段落。

22.The phrase, “to sign on” (Line 3, Para. 2) most probably means________.

[A]to check on the availability of jobs at the jobcentre.

[B]to accept the government‘s restrictions on the allowance.

[C]to register for an allowance from the government.

[D]to attend a governmental job-training program.

(Para.2) More apparent reasonableness followed. There will now be a seven-day wait for the jobseeker‘s allowance. “Those first few days should be spent looking for work, not looking to sign on.” he claimed. “We’re doing these things because we know they help people stay off benefits and help those on benefits get into work faster.” Help? Really? On first hearing, this was the socially concerned chancellor, trying to change lives for the better, complete with “reforms” to an obviously indulgent system that demands too little effort from the newly unemployed to find work, and subsidises laziness. What motivated him, we were to understand, was his zeal for “fundamental fairness”— protecting the taxpayer, controlling spending and ensuring that only the most deserving claimants received their benefits.

首先,看到这道题时,大家心里一定心中窃喜:“这个词我认识!,签字嘛!”。但是一看选项没有表示签字意思的选项。这是因为我们的词义句意题考察的往往都是超纲词或者熟词生义,从字面上不能推出答案。所以大家就陷入了一个解题的dilemma(僵局)当中了。

那么,面对这种熟词生义的题,我们怎么入手呢?我们可以考虑句子内容和句子间的语义逻辑关系,简而言之就是和上下文的联系,去解这道词义句意题。首先,我们看划线词所在的句子:

【责任编辑:范秀霞】

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