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考研英语阅读备考:例证题解题方法

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考研英语的本质就是考查同学们的英语读写能力,其中最考查“读”的能力的就是考研英语中的阅读题,阅读题本身所占分值也体现了阅读题的重要性。为了能给22考生提供帮助,小编整理了本篇文章,供大家参考。

做题的第一步就是:识别题型。例证题的题目很有特点,比如:

2011

Toyota Motor's experience is cited as an example of ______.

2012

The example of the unions in Wisconsin shows that unions ______.

2014

The discovery of the Higgs boson is a typical case which involves ______.

2015

Orin Kerr's comparison is quoted to indicate that ______.

通过观察可以发现,例证题的题目可以概括为“作者提及一个事例是为了证明什么”或者“一个事例被提及是为了证明什么”。并且其中还有一些提示词:story/example/case/question/study,show/illustrate/demonstrate/quote/present。

掌握了这些,例证题的识别就不是难事了。

通过对题目的观察,还可以总结出例证题的一个考察本质就是:论据证明论点。其中论据就是例子,而论据本身就是用来论证论点的,因此例证题的解题关键就是找到论点。换句话说,答案就是论点。而论点往往出现在论据前。

那么出现在答案中能够成为干扰项的就是题干中的“事例”本身的信息,也就是说,例子本身的信息即干扰项,做题时可以排除。

We should not forget, however, that most New Englanders were less well educated. While few craftsmen or farmers, let alone dependents and servants, left literary compositions to be analyzed, it is obvious that their views were less fully intellectualized. Their thinking often had a traditional superstitious quality. A tailor named John Dane, who emigrated in the late 1630s, left an account of his reasons for leaving England that is filled with signs. Sexual confusion, economic frustrations, and religious hope—all came together in a decisive moment when he opened the Bible, told his father that the first line he saw would settle his fate, and read the magical words: “Come out from among them, touch no unclean thing , and I will be your God and you shall be my people.” One wonders what Dane thought of the careful sermons explaining the Bible that he heard in Puritan churches.

39. The story of John Dane shows that less well-educated New Englanders were often ______.

[A] influenced by superstitions

[B] troubled with religious beliefs

[C] puzzled by church sermons

[D] frustrated with family earnings

第一步:识别题干。从提示词“story”和“show”可以识别题干为例证题。

第二步:找例子。“A tailor… in Puritan churches”。

第三步:找论点。定位到论据前一句,“Their thinking often had a traditional superstitious quality.”。

第四步:对应选项,A选项和找到的论点原词复现“superstitious”。正确答案为A。

第五步:排除干扰项。B中的religious,C的church和D的frustrated都是原文中的例子本身的信息,因此BCD可以作为干扰项被排除。

以上是中公研招网为大家总结的“考研英语阅读备考:例证题解题方法”的相关内容,如果觉得本篇文章对你有用,建议收藏本站。关注中公研招网考研英语栏目,了解更多考研英语备考技巧、考研英语复习经验、知识点等干货资讯。

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